Clipeology between the 1st and 16th centuries
839 BC From the Annals of the Kings of Judah it appears that for some nights the cities were flown over by fiery objects in the shape of a star.
430-355 BC Xenophon, in his “Anabasi”, makes a classification of the flying objects sighted according to their shape; describes them in shell, flat, bell, triangular shapes.
329 BC Alexander the Great’s army was “attacked” by two flying silver shields, which surprised the Greek army as it crossed the Jaxartes River in India.
204 BC Giulio Ossequente (4th century AD) speaks of sightings (day and night) concerning “Shields of fire”, “torches”, “more suns”, more moons “,” luminous wheels “etc., which appeared on Rome and on other places. From “De Prodigiis”, the drawing of two Suns that appeared on Alba in 204 BC.
91 BC In Palestine there is a UFO sighting with relative rain of siliceous cotton wool. For more information see the case of 1954 in Italy, where this siliceous cotton wool was officially collected and analyzed.
44 BC Cicero speaks of globes in the sky in his “De Divinatione”, in Chapter 43, he speaks of when «… the sun shone in the night, with great noises in the sky and the sky seemed to explode and amazing spheres appeared there…».
43 BC Carcopino narrates that in the month of July following the assassination of Caesar (44 BC) for seven consecutive days before sunset, a luminous UFO was seen over Rome which proceeded northwards.
14 AD The Latin historian Titus Livy, in his “History of Rome”, reports the evidence of objects in the shape of circular shields that flew in the sky and that had been seen over many cities of the Empire; he also adds that the second king of Rome, Numa Pompilius, was a personal witness of the fall from heaven of one of these “flying shields” and that he had counted it among the objects of worship of the religious practices he was promoting.
23-79 AD The Roman scientist Pliny the Elder, in the “Historiae Naturales”, in chapters 25 and 36, tells of “Clipeus Ardens” seen darting in the sky of ancient Rome. It also reports sightings in the sky of lights, torches, flying bolides and flying beams identical to those that appeared in ancient Greece. more precisely, he classifies UFOs in torches, lamps and flying cars, as well as flying beams.
65 AD In his treatise on natural sciences (Naturales quaestiones), Seneca tells, with numerous observations, of inexplicable “luminous beams” that suddenly appeared in the skies of ancient cities. The “beams” remained motionless for days, only to suddenly disappear, as they had arrived.
150 BC – AD 70 The Dead Sea Manuscripts dating from the first century BC speak of men from heaven who came to Earth and other men who were taken from Earth and taken to heaven.
III century AD The Roman historian Giulio Ossequiente in his Prodigiorum Liber reported original passages by Cicero, Tito Livio, Seneca, Pliny, etc. where semi-spherical flying objects are also described, as well as flying objects called fire beams. From comparisons, it appears that these flying objects described are absolutely corresponding to the various types of UFOs we know today.
500 AD At Hereford (Great Britain) a fiery beam landed and set off again.
583 AD In France, Saint Gregory of Tours sees a luminous globe.
742-814 AD In the time of Charlemagne, events are described where it appears that space ships took aboard some inhabitants of the Earth to show them the ways of life of the celestial people.
776 AD A flying object was sighted during the siege of Sigiburg Castle, France. The Saxons surrounded and besieged the French. They were fighting when suddenly a group of flying discs (flaming shields) appeared above the roof of the church. To the Saxons this appeared, as if the French were protected by these objects, and then fled by retreating. There are two illustrations of what happened on a 12th century manuscript “Annales Laurissenses” (books of historical and religious events). The objects depicted in the sky are real spaceships with a lot of portholes on the sides.
793 AD In Northumbria there appeared exceptional glows and red dragons flying through the air.
796 AD Small globes appeared in England circling the sun.
VIII century AD In the history of the Lombards we read that a very bright column appeared in a vertical position with respect to the Earth, which, descending, burned many things and then went up again to the sky where it changed position.
842 AD There was a sighting of a UFO over the French city of Angers. There is also an illustration of the time that the sighting is terrifying.
900 AD On Japan there was a sighting of a “wheel of fire”. There is also an illustration of the time of this event.
9th century AD Archbishop Agobard of Lyons received numerous complaints from his faithful that the region was infested with celestial sailors who disembarked from the clouds and plundered orchards and wheat fields.
1147 AD A cross on the lunar disk was observed from Nice.
13th century AD An aerial vehicle was stuck with one of its appendages in a mound in an English city. The alien astronaut who was intent on freeing the spaceship was met by a crowd of locals and was killed.
1217 AD Three flying crosses floated in the sky of Nice.
1254 AD On January 1st on St. Albans (England) a large elegant ship, well equipped and of wonderful color (as well as various inexplicable phenomena) appears in the sky. The same vehicle must be seen months later also in Paris.
1290 AD A huge circular object of silver color slowly flew over the Benedictine Abbey of Amplefort, in England, under the terrified eyes of the monks who interrupted their prayers already begun in the chapel, to rush to see the prodigy.
1300 AD Some UFO sightings begin to be reported in the paintings. This is in fact found in paintings by various artists of the time who depict UFOs of various types in the skies of their paintings. The paintings of the era in which there are highly recognizable UFOs are many and by various artists, such as Filippo Lippi, Masolino da Panicale, Paolo Uccello, etc.
1301 AD Flying luminous crosses appeared over Florence.
1338 AD In France it was the sighting of a huge spherical UFO. An image of the event can be found in the French book “Le Livre Des Bonnes Moeurs” by Jacques Legrand.
1350 AD A crucifixion scene was painted above the altar in the Visoki Decani Monestary in Kosovo. To the right and left of the cross you can see UFOs in the sky with people inside them piloting them.
1465 AD In February, during the reign of Henry IV, a beam of sparkling fire appeared in the skies. There is also an illustration of the event.
1557 AD Corrado Lychostene, in his book “Prodigiorum ac Ostentorum Chronicon”, printed in Basel in the year 1557, describes the sightings of strange objects that flew in the skies in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. In addition to Greek and Christian crosses, the book describes the passage in the sky of Arabia, in the year 1479, of an object called a “beam”. Next to the news is also printed the design of this “beam”, which is identical to a modern missile.
1487 AD Three flying spears appeared in Forlì.
1491 AD On August 14 at 20:00, Gerolamo Cardano meets seven men dressed similar to those of ancient Greece, with shining shoes and with scarlet robes under the breastplate: they said they were men from outer space who could live three hundred years .
1492 AD On 15 September Christopher Columbus saw a fiery “branch” descend from heaven. Christopher Columbus in his diaries mentioned unusual astronomical phenomena and the passage of fire trails in the sky.
XV century AD There are two UFOs in the shape of a priest’s hat represented in the skies of two tapestries which are kept in the French basilica of Notre-Dame in Beaune, Burgandy.
1500-1571 AD Benvenuto Cellini speaks of a beam of fire that shines on Florence. In his autobiography he describes the strange phenomenon which he himself witnessed together with a traveling companion. The two were returning from Rome, on horseback, to Florence, when they reached a hill from which the city could be seen. They could thus see an enormous “beam of light” silhouetted in the sky above Florence.
1500 AD Giordano Bruno was burned at the stake by the Inquisition because he dared to believe that other inhabited worlds existed following sightings of flying vehicles obviously driven by beings not of this world.
1520 AD We read from the Chronicle of the Prodigious Facts by Corrado Licostene that a fiery beam of horrendous size was seen in the sky, and the vault that approached the earth, descending, burned many things! Then returned to the top it assumed a circular shape.
1538 AD Some unmistakable flying saucers appear in the skies of a tapestry called “The triumph of summer”
1544 AD Ancient German chronicles narrate a long series of UFO sightings that occurred in Germany.
1561 AD On April 14, in the sky of the city of Nuremberg, numerous cylindrical objects appeared and remained motionless at the top. Immediately afterwards, from inside the cylindrical objects came out many other objects, in the shape of a sphere and a disk, which began to make evolutions in the sky under the eyes of all the locals (the event had resonance all over the world) and were described in detail in the chronicles of the time. Of notable importance is the description of large flying cylinders that stood motionless in the sky and from which spheres came out and flew at fantastic speeds.
1566 AD On 7 August black spheres were seen passing in front of the Sun. The same phenomenon always occurred the same year above Basel (Switzerland), where numerous objects of spherical shape and of light and dark color appeared. The objects faced each other in a kind of aerial combat, in front of the inhabitants of the city who, with their eyes turned to the sky, observed the scene. After performing incredible aerial maneuvers, the spheres turned fiery red and disappeared. There is a clear period representation of the event.
1571 AD In the battle of Lepanto one night a giant shining column appeared in the sky and began to observe the battle.